Modern Movement Democracy Effect Architecture Sample
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INTRODUCTION on Modern Movement Democracy
“The phenomenon of architecture is a development of the phenomenon of man.”
The topic for the dissertation is that how the modern movement in architecture has affected the field of architecture and what are the current challenges. The dissertation will talk about the effects of the modern architecture has brought in along with the challenges that came in modern movement in architecture. Whether the affects are positive or negative will be studied in the dissertation. The field of architecture is defined as the process that involves planning followed by designing and construction of buildings. The works of architecture in forms of materials is assumed to be as symbols and works of art. The term architecture is used to describe activities involved in construction (Kapitzke, 2006). It is considered to be as a science or an art both for describing buildings and other physical structure. Architecture is a term related to architect where services are rendered by professionals related to designing and constructing buildings. Planning and designing of buildings includes in it deciding upon ambience and space within and around them. Also, it includes to plan about all sorts of aesthetic and environmental considerations (Allison and Eshun, 2006).
Context of topic
The modern movement in architecture has brought in a lot of changes in this field. The need of architecture is to creatively bring out newer and newer approaches and ideas for construction of buildings. Modern movement in architecture needs to manipulate and then properly coordinate available materials and technology. With the advancement of new and new technologies, there are more number of ways and reforms in the field of architecture. The field of architecture not only focuses on construction of building but also on estimation of cost related to various activities in it and their administration (Gehl, 2007). Architects not only design buildings or other physical structures but also aims to visualize and imagine future which involve forecasting that how the building can sustain in future. It makes use of various aspects of mechanical and structural engineering along with humanities and arts in order to design and construct buildings and other physical structures.
- How the modern movement has affected the field of architecture?
- What are the challenges due to this on architecture?
Modern movement in architecture was a movement which took place in the 1920s and is considered to be a dramatic shift in designs of buildings different from the traditional ones. The techniques in construction were now shifted towards a new era of designs from the past. It not only leads to the development of new designs but also formed new tools and techniques that can be employed in the buildings. With this movement, the architects started using steel and other manufacturing materials.
The above research questions are related entirely to the topic and aims to find that whether modern movement has an effect on architecture and if it has then how it has been affected. The research questions are interesting and motivate the researcher as the study will result in understanding of how changes have taken place in the aspect of designing buildings. The topic of the particular study is relevant today because architecture is one such field which is growing continuously and more and more new designs are developing today. So it will be interesting to know about the developed designs which developed as a result of the modern movement.
Relevancy of topic
Earlier various forms of architecture were used which were known as the traditional approaches but now with changing times various advanced forms have come into role. The international and modern styles are the ones which make use of modern equipments and materials in such a way that they provide with new and innovative designs to the professionals in this field. Contemporary styles of architecture are those which are used today and provide great opportunities for the designers. The topic chosen for the dissertation is quite relevant in the sense that it will help the present day architectures to know that how the buildings were designed according to the traditional methods and what changes this field have experienced after the modern movement. Also, it helps to find the challenges which are faced by them because of this movement.
Approach towards the topic
Modern movements in democracy in the field of architecture have helped architects to understand modern techniques in this field and utilize the benefits that are provided through it.
In this dissertation, discussion will focus on how modern changes in democracy have added to benefits in the area of architecture. It will show that how modernism in architecture has evolved and how it is followed. Also, the various challenges ahead of architects will also be given emphasis. Due to the democracy what changes are faced by architectures in order to bring new and new innovation in construction will be given emphasis. In order to proceed in the particular research, secondary source of data will be used. The methodology used will be from articles which are published in online journals and books. In addition to this, information will also be taken from online websites which are reliable. In order to support the hypothesis formed and the research questions, case studies will be provided. This will help to support the hypothesis and reach to a final conclusion.
Outline of dissertation
- Chapter 1 – In this chapter, the introduction and the main context of the topic is given. It also gives the hypothesis formed and the research questions to reach the hypothesis and find the conclusion.
- Chapter 2 – This is the chapter of theoretical background, which provides the main theme of the topic. This provides views of different authors so that the researcher can have a better understanding of the topic. This chapter is further divided into five sub chapters. First is the introduction followed by definition of the topic. Then is the context of the topic. Then is the theoretical background which provides different ideas on the topic. Last is the analytical framework through which theories and ideas are analyzed.
- Chapter 3 – The name of the chapter is synoptic analysis. In this chapter, three case studies are provided so as to relate the main them of topic and help in understanding it. The chapter is also divided in sub chapters which contain the case studies and their analysis. by analyzing the different cases, the researcher will be able to reach the final conclusion and decide upon the hypothesis formed.
- Chapter 4 – the last chapter is of conclusion which will depict what has been learnt throughout the dissertation. It also gives suggestions for further study.
Chapter 2: Theoretical Background
“Fashion is architecture: it is a matter of proportions”
Earlier in the medieval period in Europe, the names of the architects of buildings remain unknown and it was not added against any of them. But then, a period came when craftsmen started to organize their own trades and through this their contacts were added and survived. After that in renaissance Europe, a revival took place and more emphasis was laid on how an individual contribute to the construction of buildings and the society as a whole (We and Dijkstra, 2010).
Modern architecture is that form of architecture which has features that has made it superior to all other earlier forms in construction. This form ahs main features as of simplicity and does not make use of applied decoration.
Definition of topic
The approach of modern arhcitecture is being adopted by modern architectural professionals and is one of the most dominant styles of architecture. Its main purpose was to use the materials and equipments in a rational manner and thereby rejecting the historical styles and ornaments (Modern architecture, 2013).
The main features of modern architecture includes, firstly, that it followed the concept of ‘form follows function’ which means that a design should result into such that it could directly reveal the purpose of the building and its design.
Another style is sustainable design which is based on the philosophy that all materials and objects to be used in construction shall be such that they are in compliance with economic and social sustainability. This is done in order to make use of sensitive designs in construction so that negative impact on the environment can be eliminated. Such type of buildings also aims to increase the connectivity of environment with people so that more and more meaningful innovations of this type can be created (Allen, 2000).
A new form of architecture that leads to the benefits of architectures was novelty architecture. This is a type of approach in which buildings are given a unique or unusual shape which can be considered to be a landmark. These are used by the industries for advertising their products as they can resemble the products sold by them (Sibley, 2007).